Smart Cities
New cognitive approaches to long-standing challenges
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Making the IoT Real

The Internet of Things or IoT ,key driver of smart cities is championing the unison of machines/things, people, volumes of data and processes worldwide in order to build cities that are efficient, economically viable and people friendly. IoT Platform has stirred up the smart city wave from concrete clad layouts to practical driven hubs.
Public health and safety
IoT technology has several applications in urban public health and safety, which could have an economic impact of about $700 billion per year in 2025. These applications include using video cameras for crime monitoring, improving emergency services and disaster response, and monitoring street lights and the structural health of buildings. The biggest impact, however, would come from the application of IoT technology in air and water quality monitoring.
Air and water quality monitoring
The World Health Organization estimates that 3.7 million deaths were linked to outdoor air pollution in 2012, with the bulk of deaths occurring in low- and middle-income countries. IoT technology provides cities and citizens with the means to gather real-time data on air and water quality from thousands of location and to pinpoint problems at the neighborhood or even housing unit level.
Similar approaches can be used to monitor water supply at the tap. Greater awareness and accountability will improve air and water quality. For example, if monitoring leads to effective pollution-reduction strategies, cities could cut particulate matter pollution from 70 micrograms per cubic meter to 20 micrograms per cubic meter. We estimate that this could cut deaths related to air pollution by around 15 percent .
Crime detection and monitoring
Many cities already have security cameras and some have gunshot recognition sensors. IoT will enable these cameras and sensors to automatically detect unusual activities, such as someone leaving a bag unattended, and to trigger a rapid response. Such solutions are already in use in Glasgow, Scotland, and in Memphis, Tennessee, in the United States. Cities that have implemented such systems claim a 10 to 30 percent decrease in crime. We estimate the economic impact of crime reduction on this scale could be more than $30 billion per year.
Transportation
Adaptive traffic control uses real-time data to adjust the timing of traffic lights to improve traffic flow. A centralized control system collects data from sensors installed at intersections to monitor traffic flow. Based on volume, the system adjusts the length of red and green lights to ensure smooth flow.
Use of adaptive traffic control has been shown to speed traffic flow by between 5 and 25 percent. We estimate that adaptive traffic control and smart meters could reduce time spent in traffic jams and looking for parking spaces by 10 to 15 percent, which could be worth more than $500 billion per year globally in 2025. There could be additional benefits, such as reduced CO2 emissions and postponing or avoiding investment in new roads.
Smart City Initiatives.

Transportation is the largest application and includes IoT-based systems to manage traffic flow. For example, there is great economic potential in the use of IoT that could come from adjusting commuting schedules based on actual tracking data of public transit systems (buses and trains). Up to 70 percent of commuting time today is “buffer time”—the extra time between when the rider arrives at a stop or station and when the bus or train actually leaves.

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Infographic Explaining Benefits of Smart Cities

PowerPoint Infographic Creation Best Practices [Infographic]

Enabling the Future for a Smarter Africa.

Even though adoption rates for autonomous cars and other IoT technologies in the cities of advanced economies is likely to be higher, developing-economy cities are likely to capture nearly 40 percent of value since their populations are growing so rapidly. Also, because so many developing economies are resource-rich.